Tag Archives: laboratory research notebook

Cloud Patterns Are Shifting Skyward and Poleward, Adding to Global Warming

If you were to look in any laboratory research notebook belonging to someone studying the greenhouse effect or climate change in general, you would find a lot of notes concerning the clouds. While most of the world is trying to figure out which shape a cloud represents as they enjoy a picnic at the park, scientists are trying to determine the future of the world based on things like cloud patterns.

So far, all they have predicted concerning cloud shifts and patterns has been correct. Now it is time to look at the clouds, not to make shapes, but to see the future and what can be done about it.

Cloud Patterns

What Clouds Do

Most people realize that clouds play a significant role in evaporation. They understand that cloudy days bring rain and release the water that created the cloud in the first place. What they don’t realize is the significance of clouds when it comes to temperature, greenhouse gases, and so forth.

It is thought that clouds act both as reflectors and as blankets. They reflect the sunlight aimed at the Earth so that the Earth doesn’t receive all of it. Yet they also act as a sort of insulator, absorbing heat from the Earth and returning it, just as a blanket absorbs body heat and returns it to the individual under the blanket.

Cloud Predictions

There were three things predicted after decades of data was reviewed. These three things not only have a significant impact on the planet, but also act as predictors for what the world has to look forward to in the future.

  • The tops of the very highest clouds will only get higher or taller.
  • There will be a shift toward the north and south poles. This shift involves the storm path, or the path traveled by cyclones in the northern and southern hemispheres.
  • There will be an expansion of subtropical dry regions.

All of this is already happening, and it follows a course of common sense. As the clouds move closer to the poles and further from subtropical dry regions, they take their rainfall with them, and increase areas in which they have access to more liquid for evaporation. As a result, the subtropical dry regions only get drier because the clouds are not there to provide that rainfall. With the clouds moving away, these regions expand.

Applied to Global Warming

With the clouds’ movement, the protection that they provide is taken away from some areas. The thermal effect is moving to areas that are naturally cold, causing ice caps to melt at an alarming rate. The areas that used to have cloud cover are now exposed to full sunlight and less humidity.

In short, the movement of the clouds does not simply mean a change in levels of rainfall, but levels of radiation, humidity, and temperature, as well. Politicians may fight over whether or not global warming exists, but that’s not what scientists are doing. Instead, each one is taking notes in a laboratory research notebook in an effort to better understand how clouds can be tracked in a more detailed manner, and what the world can do with the results of the tracking.

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Cloud Predictions

Largest Rocky Planet Discovered

While one scientist might fill his laboratory research notebook with new inventions or chemical equations, others fill theirs with the dimensions of new planets. Such is the case with one astrophysicist and his team that discovered a new exoplanet with the help of the Kepler space telescope.

Laboratory research notebook

What Is an Exoplanet?

An exoplanet is a planet that exists outside of our solar system. One of the main differences between an exoplanet and the planets within our solar system is the fact that science is always limited by its existing knowledge base. Right now, that knowledge base is limited to what is known about the solar system those scientists live in, rather than the surrounding ones. That limitation can lead to concepts that simply don’t work outside of this solar system. Such is the case with exoplanet BD+205946.

Rocky Instead of Gassy

Based on what is known about this solar system, certain assumptions were made about planets like BD+205946. One of the assumptions was that it would be mostly a gassy planet. Those assumptions proved incorrect. It is actually mostly made up of rocky material. In fact, this exoplanet is now the largest rocky planet known. As of 2014, Kepler 10c was known as the largest rocky exoplanet that the world was aware of.

Details About the Largest Rocky Exoplanet

While each laboratory research notebook is full of information that the average person may not be able to comprehend, it’s easy enough to break things down so that they are concepts that are easier to grasp. This planet orbits in a different solar system. It is found in the Taurus constellation, 500 light-years away.

The mass of the Earth is 5.5 grams per cubic centimeter. By contrast, the largest rocky exoplanet is 8 grams per cubic centimeter. Its width is double that of the Earth, as well, and it is 16 times as massive as the Earth.

Kepler Justification

There have always been a lot of questions about the justification of the budget allocated to exploring space. Some people feel it is a waste of time, while others recognize the need to search for answers to many questions. The Kepler space telescope was one of the things that was questioned. It monitors space by watching for any silhouettes that pass by existing stars. That doesn’t necessarily mean that the object orbits the star it passes in front of, but it gives a good idea of its size and location.

Some may see the fact that the exoplanet wasn’t gassy as originally thought to be a sign that scientists made a mistake. On the contrary; it may be more of a breakthrough than a mistake. Remember that scientists can only go by their existing database of knowledge. In this case, the estimations were so extremely different than the reality, that it opens a whole new door to future discoveries.

If solar systems outside of this one operate so differently such that the planet is rocky instead of gassy, what other rules may not apply? Do the rules vary from solar system to solar system, or is this just a fluke?  Only more resources and focus on these discoveries can provide the answers.

Scientific notebook

Why Is a Praying Mantis Wearing 3D Glasses?

Imagine a scenario where you are reading notes in a laboratory research notebook. Now, imagine that the scenario in the notebook involves forcing an insect to hang upside down, but the insect isn’t just hanging upside down. It’s hanging upside down while watching a 3D movie, and wearing 3D glasses. It sounds like something out of a bizarre science fiction novel instead of a professional notebook. As an authentic study, it has a lot of value to add to the scientific community.

Laboratory research notebook

Insect Vision

Humans have forward-facing eyes and stereopsis. That means that both of the eyes can come together to create one 3D image through the brain. Insects don’t have forward facing eyes, and they didn’t evolve along the same lines as humans. Therefore, it was concluded they didn’t have stereopsis. Because they hunt live prey, scientists often wondered how they survived without 3D vision.

To understand how 3D vision affects your life, compare two viewing scenarios. If a box was sitting in your living room, and the open end faced you, you would jump when something in the box leapt toward you, because 3D vision allows you to perceive that something is coming in your direction. Now, consider the scenario using a television rather than a box. If something leaps toward you on the television, there is no depth to it, so you don’t perceive it as a threat. This is called 2D vision. 3D vision helps living beings understand the distance between them and something or someone else. It’s a survival trait in more ways than one, and it is becoming clear that insects may also have this trait.

Movies for the Praying Mantis

Recently, Jennifer Ready designed and built a theater for a praying mantis. The theater used 3D imaging. The mantis, whose hunting position involves being suspended upside down, was affixed with 3D “glasses” in the way of two different-colored lenses. Only, unlike humans, the mantis doesn’t perceive the color red very well, so red was replaced with green. The movie may as well have been titled “Attack of the Flying Discs,” because it involved small discs that looked as if they were flying. Their flight pattern was designed to be similar to that of the prey the mantis usually seeks out.

The climax of the movie occurred when the disc appeared to be within 2 cm of the face of the mantis. This is the range at which the mantis strikes out for its prey. The scientists were not disappointed. The mantis did strike out and was most likely confused as to why it captured exactly nothing. The harmless disc continued its flight across the computer screen that the mantis was viewing.

What exactly can be learned from this? In all seriousness, it changes the way scientists understand the perception of insects. For the average person, the notes in this scientific notebook mean that red is probably the best color to use when you are trying to sneak up on a praying mantis.

Scientific notebook

Demand for Engineers and Scientists Continues to Increase

As technology continues to evolve, so does the demand for science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) workers. Currently, there is a shortage of qualified and educated people with these skills, leading to a higher demand in job markets, not just here in the United States, but globally throughout the world. Part of the job shortage is largely due to the amount of commitment and time needed to pursue a degree in a STEM field. Students studying STEM subjects have to spend between one-third and one-half more time to review materials, and to complete projects and other course work, compared to those studying non-STEM subjects. In addition, students are expected to learn how to properly utilize cleanroom notebooks, scientific notebooks, laboratory research notebooks, and engineering notebooks.

Over the next several years, STEM jobs are expected to be one of the fastest growing job segments, following just behind the number one expanding job segment: healthcare. Previously, STEM workers only accounted for about five percent of jobs, with careers in computer programming, engineering, and research and development. However, technology has expanded far beyond these types of career fields and into sales, marketing, manufacturing, transportation, management, and so on. Demand is starting to grow, and is expected to continue to expand into the foreseeable future, for well-educated people with degrees in science, technology, engineering, and math.

Companies are now starting to realize the challenges of doing business in a global economy. Many foreign firms have already started to adapt by hiring STEM workers to fill positions in non-traditional areas within their organizations. For instance, one company recruits engineers to work in their sales department to sell their products to engineering and manufacturing firms. The reason they want engineers in sales positions is because it is easier for one engineer to sell products to another engineer.

What Educational Courses Should Someone Concentrate On at a University?

In the past, university students could find many opportunities by taking liberal arts courses. Today, that is no longer the case. Students who want the most job opportunities after graduation need to take science, technology, engineering, and math courses, and related degree programs. However, employers also desire students with interpersonal and literary skills. Minors or general educational coursework should focus on literature, communication, grammar, and interpersonal relationships. One of the biggest complaints by companies about STEM workers, in the past, is their not being able to effectively communicate with others, their poor interpersonal relationship skills, and their not being able to properly write corporate communications, emails, or memos, or to effective convey their message with those outside of STEM fields.

How Well Do STEM Careers Pay Compared to Other Jobs?

STEM careers pay higher starting salaries compared to other jobs. In many cases, those holding a degree in a related science, technology, engineering, or math field are paid much higher than another person with a higher degree. For instance, a person who has an associate of science degree for a STEM field typically earns around sixty percent more than a person who has a bachelor degree in a non-STEM subject. A student pursuing a bachelor degree of science in a STEM career will earn around sixty-five percent more than someone with a master’s degree in a non-STEM subject.

Whether you are a university student or instructor, or starting your career in a STEM-related job, you can obtain all of the scientific, engineering, and lab notebooks you require by contacting Scientific Notebook Company at 800-537-3028 today.

Cleanroom Notebooks

Does Your Science Student Have All The Necessary Tools?

Does Your Science Student Have All The Necessary Tools?

If your son or daughter is on their way to college, or a new research position or internship, you can help them out by making sure they have the right tools. Even if you do not realize the details of why some of these items are important, they can make a significant impact on the future of your son or daughter.

Observation Equipment

Depending on the area of research being worked in, there are going to be specific tools needed for observation. This may include anything from a microscope, to a stethoscope, or any other device that assists in enhancing the observation experience.

Recording Equipment

Again, the type of equipment you need to purchase will depend on the research, itself. For instance, a camera with UV capabilities might be helpful if UV light or any kind of energy spectrum is being researched or is included in the research. However, there are some items you can assume will be used, no matter what type of research is being done. For instance, a laboratory research notebook, as well as an archival pen, will be necessary.

A laboratory research notebook is different from a normal notebook, in that it is designed to allow data to be recorded in such a professional manner as to be used in a courtroom. Even the paper is designed to last longer than normal notebook paper. Archival pens allow the researcher to document information, without worrying about the ink in the pen bleeding through to the paper below, or fading over time.