Engineering is a specific career choice for some people who are interested in technology and science, and who want to contribute to the development, building, or design of equipment, buildings, engines, machines, computers, and other tools to make people’s lives easier. There are numerous fields within engineering to pick from when considering this for a career. Some aspects and general education are similar, but specialty fields have their own educational requirements. Some of the educational courses required for engineering careers include math, science, drafting, drawing, and computer programming.
In recent years, R&D (research and development) engineering careers are in much higher demand than in other engineering fields. The cause of this growth is largely due to the latest advances in technology and the increased rate at which new products are being developed. There are two basic types of research and development used by organizations.
The first one involves creating, developing, and designing new products and/or improving existing product lines. The second one is using applied sciences to explore possibilities, weigh theories, and hypothesize about potential future products. Engineers are often hired to for the first type of R&D, while scientists are normally hired for the second type of R&D.
Research and design can be applied to a wide range of industries and engineering fields, such as:
– Structural Engineering
– Computer Engineering
– Environmental Engineering
– Nuclear Engineering
– Industrial Engineering
– Chemical Engineering
– Aerospace Engineering
– Biomedical Engineering
– Electrical Engineering
– Civil Engineering
– Mechanical Engineering
Many engineering students receive overlapping coursework at their university because many of the specialized fields also overlap. As a result, engineers need to have a basic understanding of several different specialty areas in addition to their own specialized field. For instance, structural engineers need to have an understanding of civil engineering concepts, or biomedical engineers should understand the basics of chemical engineering.
Most universities have a set of prerequisite coursework to be completed before engineering students are able to select from a specialized field. Once students have mastered the concepts and skills in physics, engineering computer applications, and mathematics, then they are allowed to move on to coursework more closely related to their particular engineering field specialization. Engineering students do not solely rely upon technology to conduct research and development and complete coursework. Many record their notes and findings in engineering notebooks and research notebooks, because there are times when they do not have access to computers, tablets, and other such devices, or they want to map out a simulation, concept, or other idea by hand first.
Engineering careers are not limited to sitting behind a desk and using a computer all day long. Engineering has changed over the past decades, and engineers are found in a variety of work settings. Engineers work offshore on oil rigs, onsite at construction projects, in nuclear power plants, in research laboratories, in manufacturing facilities, and in space. This career field is expected to experience major growth over the next decade, depending upon the specialized field. Some fields will grow about four percent, while R&D engineering fields will grow as much as thirty percent.
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